COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ALLOYS

COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ALLOYS

The following table presents the composition and physical properties of many common alloys. The table is divided in two: (1) a main and more complete table below and (2) a supplementary table.

Composition

Name

Sp. gr

Th.exp.coeff/deg. C

M.P. (deg.C)

Aluminum

99.2Al

Aluminum 2S

2.71

23.94e-6

660

97Al, 3Cu

   

24

640

95Al, 5Cu

Lynite, body alloy

26

   

95Al, 4.2Cu, 0.6Mn, 0.5Si, 0.4Fe

Zeppelin rod

     

95Al, 2Cu, 1.5Mg, 0.8Fe, 0.2Si, 0.01Mn

Lynite, piston

     

94Al, 4Cu, 0.5Mg, 0.5Mn, coated with 99.7+ Al

Alclad 17 ST

2.96

21.96

 

93Al, 7-8.5Cu, 1.7 other elements

Lynite, 146

     

92Al, 9.3-11Cu, 2 other elements

Lynite, 122

     

90Al, 7.8Cu, 1.5Zn, 1.3Fe

Lynite crank case

     

89Al, 11Cu, 0.5Mg

Lynite piston

     

89Al, 12-14Cu, 2 other elements

Lynite, 109

     

99Al, 0.4Fe, 0.4Si, 0.1Zn, 0.06Cu

Zeppelin braces

     

90Al, 10Mg

Magnalium

2.50

24

600

70Al, 30Mg

Magnalium

2.00

 

435

98Al, 1.25Mn

Aluminum Alloy 3S

2.74

23.04

640-55

95Al, 5Si

Aluminum-silicon 43

2.58

21.96

577-630

91Al, 9Zn

 

2.80

26

650

90Al, 7.8Zn, 0.7Cu, 0.5Fe, 0.4Si, 0.3Mn, 0.1Sn

Zeppelin angles

     

89Al, 9Zn, 0.7Cu, 0.5Si, 0.5Mn, 0.4Fe, 0.2Sn

Zeppelin channels

     

77Al, 21Zn, 1.1Cu, 0.5Fe, Pb, Sn

Liberty pistons

     

70Al, 30Zn

   

26

610

Bismuth

53Bi, 32Pb, 15Sn

Eutectic fusiblc alloy

   

96

52Bi, 40Pb, 8Cd

Eutectic fusible alloy

   

91.5

50Bi, 27.1Pb, 22.9Sn

Rose metal.

     

50Bi, 27Pb 13Sn 10Cd

Eutectic fusible alloy; Lipowitz alloy

   

70-4

50Bi, 25Pb, 12.SSn, 12.5Cd

Wood's metal

9.70

 

70

40Bi, 40Pb, 20Sn

Bismuth solder

   

111

54Bi, 26Sn, 20Cd

Eutectic fusible alloy

   

103

45Bi, 17Sn, 30Pb, 5-10Hg

Fusible teaspoons

     

Cerium

70-3Ce, 17-24Zn, 1.6-6Fe, 0-2.4Al, Mn

Ignition pin alloy

     

61Ce, 37Fe

Ignition pin alloy

     
         

Cobalt

       

Co, Cr, W Alloy

Stellite No. 1 Alloy

8.59

14 4e-6

1250

Co, Cr, W Alloy

Stellite No. 6 Alloy

8.38

16.9e-6

1275

Co, Cr, W Alloy

Stellitc No. 12 Alloy

8.40

15.8e-6

1263

Co Cr, W Alloy

Stellite Star J-Metal

8.76

14.6e-6

1270

Co Cr, W Alloy

Stellite "2400" Alloy

     

Copper

99.9 + Cu

Deoxidized copper

8.50

17.71e-6

1082

99.90 + Cu, 0.01P

Deoxidized copper

8.91

17.71

1082

90Cu, 10Al

Aluminum bronze

7.6

16.5

1050

90Cu, 9Al, 1Fe

Resistac

   

1066

80-90Cu, 8-10Al, 6-7Fe

Ampco Metal

7.20

 

649

88-96.1Cu, 2.3-10.5Al, Fe, Sn

Aluminum bronze

7.50-8.19

 

1038-71

50Cu, 25Au, 25Ag

Cooper's pen metal

     

47Cu, 33Au, 20Ag

Gold 8 carat

     

40Cu, 31Au, 19Ag, 10Pd

Palladium gold

     

77Cu, 15Pb, 8Sn

"B" Alloy, P.R.R.

     

95Cu, 5Mn

Manganese bronze

8.8

 

1060

82-6Cu, 4-15Mn, 2-12Ni, Fe

Manganin

     

82Cu, 15Mn, 3Ni

Manganin

8.5

   

70Cu, 25Mn, 5Ni

Manganin

     

61Cu, 26Mn, 13Al

Magnetic alloy

     

88.5Cu, 5Ni, 5Sn, 1.5Si

Barberite

8.80

 

1070

80Cu, 20Ni

Nickeline

8.5

 

1185

75Cu, 25Ni

Nickel coinage, U.S.A

   

1205

75Cu, 20Ni, 5Zn

 

8.58

16.40

1150

65Cu, 18Ni, 17Zn

Nickel silver 18% A

8.75

18.36

1110

60Cu, 40Ni

Constantan

8.4

1280

 

55-65Cu, 12-18Ni, 11-17Zn 8-12Fe, 0.5-1Si

Glass mold alloy, U.S.P. 1,360,773

     

57Cu, 20Ni, 20Zn, 3Al

Typewriter metal

     

55Cu, 18Ni, 27Zn

Nickel silver 18% B

8.69

 

1055

45-60Cu, 40-55Ni, 0-1.4-Mn, 0.1C, Fe

Constantan

     

45Cu, 33Ni, 16Sn, 5.5Zn, 1Bi

Sea water bronze

     

67-81Cu, 19-30Pt, 0-4Zn

Cooper's gold

     

94.8-96Cu, 3-4Si, 1-1.2Mn

 

8.46

16.99

1000

98.55Cu, 1.40Sn

Phono-electric wire

     

95.5Cu, 4.3Sn, 0.2P

Phosphor bronze 30

8.91

18.90

1050

95Cu, 4Sn, 1Zn

Coinage bronze

8.96

   

92-7Cu, 1-8Sn, 0-2Zn

Medal bronze

     

91.6Cu, 8.25Sn, 0.15P

Phosphor bronze 47

8.91

   

90Cu, 10Sn, trace P

Phosphor bronze 209

9.00

   

90Cu, 10Sn

Bronze, gun metal

8.8

18

1000

88Cu, 10Sn, 2Zn

U.S. Government bronze, spec. G

     

82Cu, 1GSn, 2Zn

Bronze bearings

     

83Cu, 14Sn, 3.5Pb

Naval journal bearing, spec. HX

     

83Cu, 14Sn, 3.5Zn

Naval journal bearing, spec. H

     

83Cu, 14Sn, 3Zn, 0.8P

U.S. Government bronze, spec. H

     

79.7Cu, 10Sn, 9.5Sb, 0.8P

Phosphor bronze

8.8

   

78Cu, 22Sn

Bell metal

8.7

 

870

67Cu, 33Sn

Bronze, speculum metal

8.6

18.6

745

58Cu, 28Sn, 9.5Pt, 3.5Zn, 1.5As

Cooper's mirror

     

90Cu, 10Zn

Commercial bronze; red brass

8.80

18.18e-6

1050

89Cu, 9Zn, 2Pb

Hardware bronze

8.83

18.18

1050

85Cu, 15Zn

Red brass

8.75

18.72

1030

85Cu, 13Zn, 2Sn

Pen metal

     

84Cu, 16Zn

Medal metal

     

70Cu, 29Ni, 1Sn

Adnic.

 

16.29

1205

70Cu, 29Zn, 1Sn

Admiralty

8.17

20.16

935

67-72Cu, 28-33Zn, Pb, Fe

Spring brass

     

67-70Cu, 30-33Zn, Pb, Fe

Cartridge brass

     

67Cu, 33Zn

Brass, ordinary yellow

8.40

18.5

940

64Cu, 25Zn, 8.5Pb, 2.5Sn

Ship nail brass

     

61.2Cu, 37.3Zn, 0.9Sn, 0.4Pb, 0.2Fe

       

61Cu, 39Zn

Pin wire brass

   

905

60-1Cu, 31-7Zn, 1.4Sn, 0.7-.9Pb

Pewter, for clock work

     

60Cu, 40Zn

Muntz metal

   

840

80Cu, 25Zn, 15Ni

German silver

 

18.4

 

00Cu, 19Zn, 10Al, 6Fe, 5Mn

Hytensl bronze

   

980

58Cu, 42Zn

Solder very refractory

   

850

58Cu, 17.5Zn, 11.5Ni, 11Co, 2Ag

Chinese silver

     

57Cu, 28Zn, 15Sn

Solder, very soft, white

     

55Cu, 45Zn

For brazing

     

55Cu, 25Zn, 20Ni

German silver, common formula

     

53Cu, 43Zn, 1.3Sn, 0.3Pb

Solder, hard yellow

     

53Cu, 39Zn, 2.7Zn, 2.5Ni, 1.7Mn, 0.2Al

Manganin

     

52Cu, 26Zn, 22Ni

German silver

8.45

   

51Cu, 32Zn, 9.5Pb, 6.4Ni, 1.6Sn

Dienett's German silver

     

50Cu, 50Zn

Solder, refractory

   

900

50-7Cu, 43-50Zn

Solder hard

     

50-62Cu, 20-32Zn, 12-30Ni

German silver, Birmingham

     

50-60Cu, 20-5Zn, 20-5Ni

German silver, Austrian (Gersdorf)

     

46Cu, 34Zn, 20Ni

German silver, best

     

Gold

79Au, 21Al

Roberts-Austen (purple gold)

   

750

92Au, 8Cu

Standard gold, Great Britain

   

900

90Au, 10Cu

Coinage

17.17

 

940

84Au, 16Cu

Jewelry

   

895

75Au, 24Cu

Jewelry

   

925

67Au, 25Cu, 8Ag

Pen metal

     

67Au, 8-27Cu, 6.6-26Ag

Gold 16 carat.

     

62Au, 13Cu, 11Ag

Gold 15 carat

     

58Au, 14-28Cu, 4-28Ag

Gold 14 carat

     

50Au, 50Cu

Dark red gold

   

1000

50Au, 35Cu, 15Ag

Gold solder 12 carat

     

42Au, 38-46Cu, 12-20Ag

Gold 10 carat

     

86Au, 5.7-17Fe, 0-8.6Ag

Gray gold

     

75Au, 25Fe

Blue gold

   

1165

75-85Au, 8-10Ni, 2-9Zn

White gold

     

90Au, 10Pd

White gold, palladium gold

   

1265

60-90Au, 10-40Pd

Rhotanium

     

80Au, 20Pd

Palau

   

1375

60Au, 40Pt

Platinum gold, white

   

1500

92Au, 4.9Ag, 31Cu

Gold 22 carat dental, dark

     

91.66Au, 4.16Ag, 4.16Cu

Gold 22 carat

     

92Au, 0-8.3Ag. 0-8.3Fe

Pale yellow gold

     

84Au, 8.3-11Ag, 6-8.3Cu

Gold 20 carat

     

75Au, 17Ag, 8.3Cu

Gold sonler l6 carat

     

75Au, 10-20Ag, 5-15Cu

Gold 18 carat.

     

63-75Au, 13-31Ag, 6.3-12Cu

Gold solder 18 carat

     

70Au, 25Ag, 5Ni, or Pt

Platinum substitute, electrical

     

68Au, 25Ag, 7.5Pt

Platinum substitute, electrical

     

63Au, 23Ag, 15Cu

Gold solder, best

     

58Au, 30Ag, 12Cu

Gold 14 carat dental

     

55Au, 32Ag, 14Cu

Gold solder, easy melt

     

50 Au, 33Ag, 17Cu

Gold solder 14 carat

     

41Au, 37Ag, 21Cu, 0.6 brass

Gold solder 10 carat

     

40Au, 37Ag, 23Cu

Gold solder 8 carat

     

Iridium

95Ir, 5Pt

 

22.38

   

Iron

99.94Fe, 0.025S, 0.017Mn 0.012C, 0.005P

Armco Ingot Iron

7.86

 

1530

98.5Fe

Wrought iron

7.70

 

1510

80Fe, 20Al

Ferro-aluminum

6.30

 

1480

99Fe, 1C

Steel

7.83

12.0

1430

97Fe, 3C

Cast iron, white

7.60

 

1150

94Fe, 3.5C, 2.5Si

Cast iron, gray

7.0

11.2

1230

50-60Fe, 30-40Co, 5-9W, 1.5-3Cr, 0.4-0.8C

K. S. Magnet steel

     

99.4Fe, 0.45Cu, 0.07Mo,0.03C

Toncan copper; molybdenum iron

7.83

11.99

1525

90Fe, 10Cr, < 0.5Mn + 0.25C

Stainless steel

7.75

 

1510

90-2Fe, 8Cr, 0.4Mn, < 0.12C

Stainless steel

7.75

11.00

1450

90Fe, 8Cr, 0.4Mn < 0.12C

Stainless iron

7.75

11.00

1450

88Fe, 16-7Cr, 0.4Mn, 0.1C max

Stainless iron

 

9.99

 

86-8Fe, 12-4Cr, 0.3C

Carpenter stainless steel 2

7.75

 

1425

86-8Fe, 12-4Cr, <0.5Mn, < 0.1C, trace Ni

Defirust rustless iron

7.75

 

1480

86-8Fe, 12-4Cr, 0.1C

Carpenter stainless steel 1

7.78

 

1496

85-9 Fe, 10-4 Cr, <0.5Mn, <0.13C

Stainless iron

7.78

10.19

1490

82-6Fe, 12-6Cr, <0.5Ni, <0.05Si, <0.5 Mn, <0.12C

Ascoloy 33

7.64

10.89

1495

86.7Fe, 12.5Cr, 0.35Mn, 0.35Ni, 0.12C

Sterling stainless steel T

7.75

9.99

1430

86.4Fe, 13.5Cr, 0.1C

Stainless I

7.75

10.91

 

84-6Fe, 12.5-4.5Cr, 0.5Mn max, 0.5 Si max, 0.5Ni, min, .12-.18C

Enduro S15

7.86

10.89

1475

84-6Fe, 12.5-4.5Cr, 0.5Mn max., 0.5Si max., 0.25Ni, 0.05-12C

Enduro S

7.86

10.89

1500

85.8Fe; 13.5Cr, 0.35Mn, 0.35C

Sterling stainless steel A

7.75

10.30

1425

85.6Fe, 14Cr, 0.35C

Stainless A

7.75

10.91

 

85Fe, 13-4Cr, 2Ni max., 0.3-.6Mn, 0.12C max

Enduro KM1

7.75

9.99

1490

82-4Fe, 16-8Cr, <0.5Mn, C

Duraloy B

7.61

 

1510

84.3Fe, 12Cr, 2.15C, 0.75V, 0.75Co

Crocar

     

82-4Fe, 16-8Cr, <0.5Mn, < 0.1C, trace Ni

Special defirust rustless iron

7.75

 

1480

81-3Fe, 16.5-8.5Cr, 0.75Si, 0.1C max

Enduro A

7.64

11.00

1510

82.8Fe, 16.5Cr, 0.65C

Stainless B

     

82.5Fe, 16.5Cr, 0.65C, 0.35Mn

Sterling stainless steel B

7.72

10.91

1425

82Fe, 16-8Cr, 0.5Mn, 0.5Ni, 0.35C

Sweetaloy 16

7.83

11.00

1495

79-82Fe, 16-9Cr, <0.5Mn, <0.5Ni,<0.5.i,<0.12C

Ascoloy 66

7.64

   

79-82Fe, 16.5-8.5Cr, (.5Mn, .5-1.25Si, .25Ni, .1C) max

Enduro A

7.86

10.80

1490

79-81Fe, 16.5-18Cr, 1-1.1C, 0.75-1Si, .35-.5Mn

Delhi hard

7.75

9.99

1500

78.7Fe, 20Cr, 1Cu, 0.3C

Carpenter stainless steel 3

7.70

 

1475

71-6Fe, 17-9Cr, 7-10Ni, <0.05Mn, 0.2C

Defistain rustless iron

7.83

 

1455

71-5Fe, 17-9Cr, 8-9Ni, <0.5Mn, 0.06-.25C

Midvale V2A

7.89

16.99

1450

70-5Fe, 25-30Cr, <0.5Mn, 0.25C, trace Ni

Defiheat rustless iron

7.89

 

1595

70-5Fe, 17-20Cr, 7-10Ni, <0.5Mn <0.5Si, 0.2C

Allegheny metal

7.86-.95

17.30

1430-70

69-75Fe, 16.5-19.5Cr, 7-10Ni, .75Si max., .5Mn max, .15C max

Enduro KA2

7.86

15.98

1400

53.85Fe, 46Ni, 0.15C

Platinite

8.2

7.5e-6

1470

47-52Fe, 34-6Ni, 10-2Cr, 4.5-5.5Si, 0.15C

Rezistal 355C

7.81

   

45Fe, 35-7Ni, 15-7Cr, 1.4i.6Si, 0.6-.8~1n, 0.5-.7C

Standard Misco

7.97

13.50

1540

50Fe, 35Ni, 15Cr

Chromax castings

7.81

12.19

1480

48Fe, 35Ni, 12Cr, 5Si, 0.25C

Durimet B

7.89

 

1500

45Fe; 36Ni; 18Cr, 0.5Mn,0.3C

Sweetaloy 20

7.97

 

1495

97 6Fe, 2Si, 0.4C

Silicon steel

     

73-97Fe, 1-24Si, 2-3C

       

0.1P, 0.04-.14S

Meehanite metal

     

84.86Fe, 13.5Si, 1C, 0.4Mn, 0.18P, 0.05S

Tantiron

7.83

 

1315

84.3Fe, 14.5Si, 0.85C, 0.35Mn

Duriron

7.00

15.59

1265

94.5Fe, 5W, 0.5C

Tungsten steel

     

75Fe, 18W, 6Cr, 0.3V, 0.7C

High speed steel

     

66Fe, 17W, 10Cr, 3.5C, 2.5Mo

Cristite 1

7.61

15.59

 

Lead

99.8Pb, 0.2As

Lead shot

     

94Pb, 6Sb

Battery plates

   

300

92-4Pb, 6-8Sb

Antimonial lead

11.0

27.00

245-90

90Pb, 10Sb

Magnolia

   

270

85Pb, 15Sb

 

10.4

19.5

250

84.33Pb, 14.38Sb, 0.61Fe, 0.68Zn

Car box metal

     

82Pb, 15Sb, 3Sn

Type metal

     

75Pb, 19Sb, 5S-1, 1Cu

White metal

9.5

 

238

70Pb, 18Sb, 10Sn, 2Cu

Type metal

     

92Pb, 8Cd

Aluminum solder, U.S.P. 1,333,666

   

310

99.93Pb, 0.08Cu

Chemical lead

11.35

28.98

327

87Pb, 13Sn, 1Cu

Lead foil (Calin)

     

72Pb, 21Sn, 7Sb

Marine babbitt

     

67Pb, 33Sn

Solder, plumber's

9.4

25.0

275

56-60Pb, 10-40Sn, 4.5-30Sb

Type metal, commom

     

58Pb, 26,Sn, 15Sb, 1Cu

Type metal, standard

     

50Pb, 50Sn

Solder, half and half

 

24

225

Magnesium

93.8Mg, 6Al, 0.2Mn

Dowmetal E

1.79

27e-6

616

90.8Mg, 6Al, 0.2Mn, 3Zn

Dowmetal H

1.83

27e-6

613

92.6Mg, 6.5Al, 0.2Mn, 0.7Zn

Dowmetal J

1.80

27e-6

618

98.5Mg, 1.5Mn

Dowmetal M

1.76

27e-6

649

90.8Mg, 8.5Al, 0.2Mn, 0.5Zn

Dowmetal O

1 80

27e-6

610

88.9Mg, 10Al, 0.1Mn, 1Zn

Dowmetal P

1.82

27e-6

596

90.2Mg, 9Al, 0.2Mn, 0.6Zn

Dowmetal R

1.81

27e-6

604

96.8Mg, 3Al, 0.2Mn, 3Zn

Dowmetal X

1.80

27e-6

635

Mercury

80Hg, 20Bi

Bismuth amalgam

   

90

70Hg, 30Cu

Dentist's amalgam

     

Nickel

99-99.5Ni(+Co), 1-0.2C, 1-0.25Si, 1-0.3Mn 1-0.55Fe, 1-0.25Cu

Nickel

8.86

 

1450

Ni-Cr steel alloy of high Si content

Elcomet

8.03

   

80Ni, 20Cr

Chromel A

8.4

   

80Ni, 20Cr

Tophet A

8.50

13 00

1345

80Ni, 20Cr

Nichrome IV

8.50

13.21

1395

58Ni, 22Cr, 6-7Cu, 4Mo, 2W, 1Mn, 6-7Fe

Illium (Illium G)

8.31

13.50

1300

60Ni, 20Cr, 10Fe, 1.75Mn, 0.5C

Firearmor

8.00

13.99

1330

73Ni, 17.5Co, 6.5Fe, 2.5Ti, 0.2Mn

Konel

8.61

10.66

1450-1500

90Ni, 3Cu, 1.5Al, 10±Si

Hastelloy D

7.81

11.59

1160

60-70Ni, 25-35Cu, 1-3Fe, 0.25-2Mn, 0.02-1.5Si, 0.5-.3C

Monel metal

8.80

 

1330

60Ni, 33Cu, 6.5Fe

Monel metal

8.90

14

1360

75Ni, 12Fe, 11Cr, 2Mn

Nichrome wire or ribbon

     

61Ni, 23Fe, 16Cr

Chromel C

8.24

   

60-2Ni, 23-6Fe, 10-11Cr 2-2.5W, 1.2-1.5Mn, 0.3-.35C

Midvale BTG

8.47

 

1450

G0Ni, 28Fe, 12Cr

Tophet C

8.19

13.70

1350

60Ni, 25Fe, 15Cr, 0.7C

Nichrome castings-

8 08

12.10

 

60Ni, 24Fe, 16Cr, 0.1C

Nichrome

8.17

13.70

1350

60Ni, 20Fe, 20Mo

Hastelloy A

8.80

10.71

1300

35Ni, 17Fe, 15Cr, 1.75Mn, 0.5C

Zorite

7.92

 

1300

Ni, 2-6Mn, Fe, Cu

Spark plug wire

     

Ni, Fe, Mo

Hastelloy C

8.91

 

1350

60Ni, 20Pt, 10Pd, 10V

Palau

     

Palladium

67Pd, 33Ag

Palladium alloy

   

1415

90Pd, 10Rh

Palladium alloy

     

Platinum

80-100Pt, 0-20Ir

Platinum-iridium

 

7.5-8 8

 

90Pt, 10Ir

Platinum-iridium

21.61

8.8

 

55Pt, 28Ir, 7Rh, 3Cu, 4Fe, Pd, As

Platinum-iridium (natural)

     

80-100Pt, 0-20Rh

Platinum-rhodium for thermocouples

 

8.8

 

90Pt, 10Rh

Platinurn-rhodium

     

50Pt, 38Ag, 12Cu

Cooper's pen metal

     

Silver

92.5Ag, 7.5Cu

Standard silver

 

18

920

92.5Ag, 5.75Cu, 1.75Cd

Standard cadmium silver

     

92Ag, 8Cu

Silver-rupee

   

920

90Ag, 10Cu

Silver U.S. coins

10.3

 

890

80Ag, 20Cu

Jewelry

 

18e-6

820

80Ag, 13Cu, 6.8Zn

Silver solder, hard

     

70-5Ag, 20-3Cu, 5-7.5Zn

Silver solder, medium

     

06Ag, 23Cu, 10Zn

Silver solder, French

     

63Ag, 30Cu, 7.5Zn

Silver solder, common

     

55Ag, 29Cu, 12Au, 5.5Zn

Gold solder, very easy melt

     

70Ag, 25Pd, 5Co

Platinum substitute (Cooper's)

     

73Ag, 27Pt

Platinum solder

   

1160

70 Ag, 25Pt, 5Ni

Platinum substitute (Cooper's)

     

66.7Ag, 33.3Pt

Platinum silver

   

1230

40Ag, 40Sn, 14Cu, 6Zn

Silver solder, Bu. Stands

     

Tantalum

99.5Ta

Tantalum

16.6

6.50

2850

Tin

78Sn 9Al, 8Zn, 5Cd

Aluminum solder, Bu. Stands. SN1

     

70-94Sn, 3.7-15Sb, 1.8-5Cu, 0-9Pb, 0-5Zn

Brittania metal, German

     

90-lSn, 7-8Sb, 1.4Cu

Brittania metal, plate

     

90Sn, 10Sb

Brittania

   

255

90Sn, 7Sb, 3Cu

Babbitt

     

85-90Sn, 9-11Sb, 0-3Zn, 0.2-1Cu

Brittania metal, cast

     

85-90Sn, 5-10Sb, 1-3Cu, 0-3Zn, 0-2Bi

Brittania metal, English

     

89Sn, 7.3Sb, 3.7Cu

Babbitt metal

     

85-8Sn, 5.6-15Sb, 1-5Bi, 0.1-3.7 Cu, 0-1.5Zn

Brittania metal, spoons

     

82Sn, 12Sb, 6Cu

White metal

     

80Sn 20Sb

     

320

75Sn, 12.5Sb, 12.5Cu

Antifriction

7.53

 

233

72Sn, 24Sb, 3.9Cu

Brittania metal, plate (Ludenscheidt)

     

68Sn, 32Cd

 

7.70

 

180

85Sn, 6.8Cu, 6Bi 1.7Sb

Pewter

     

83Sn, 8.4Cu, 8.3b

Hard babbitt

     

97Sn, 3Cu

Rhine metal

7.35

 

300

74-89Sn, 0-20Pb, 0-7.6Sb, 0-3.5Cu, Zn

Pewter

     

88Sn, 8Pb, 4Cu, 0.5Sb

Tinfoil

     

67Sn, 33Pb

Solder, tinman's

   

180

60Sn, 40Pb

Tinsel

     

50Sn, 32Pb, 18Cd

Eutectic fusible alloy

   

145

86Sn, 9Zn, 5Al

Aluminum sokler, Bu. Stands. SN4

     

86Sn, 9Zn, 5Al, 0.25P

Aluminum solder, Bu. Stands. SN3

     

73Sn, 21Zn, 5Pb, 1P, Sn

Aluminum solder, Seifert

     

69Sn, 26Zn, 2.4Al, 2.4P

Aluminum solder, Bu. Stands. SN2

     

62Sn, 15Zn, 11Al, 8.3Pb, 2.5Cu, 1.2Sb

Aluminum solder, Sterling

     

65Sn, 33Zn, 11Al, 1Cu

Aluminum solder, Soluminium

     

48Sn 48Zn, 3Cu, 1Pb, 1Sb

Brittania metal cast

     

41Sn 287,n, 3Cu, 0.6Mn,

       
 

Aluminum solder, U.S P. 1,332,899

     

Tungsten

W2C

Blackor

14.0

   

W, 0.5-0.75ThO2

Tunsten filaments

     

WC + 13% Co

Carboloy

14.10

6

 

Zinc

96Zn 4Al, .0SMg

ASTM Alloy XXIII

6.7

26.9

380.9

 

SAE Alloy 903

     
 

Zamak-3

     

95Zn, 4Al, 1Cu, .05Mg

Zamak-5

6.7

27.4

380.6

93Zn, 4Al, 3Cu, .05Mg

ASTM Alloy XXI

6.8

27.7

379.5

 

SAE Alloy 902

     
 

Zamak-2

     

95Zn, 5Al

 

6.80

28

380

90Zn, 6Al, 4Cu

Aluminum solder, Geophysical Lab, Carneg. Inst.

     

65Zn, 20Al, 15Cu

Aluminum solder, Wüst No. 2

     

50Zn, 30Al, 20Cu

Aluminum solder, Wüst

     

75Zn, 20Cd, 5Al

Aluminum solder, Bu. Stnds. ZN1

     

67Zn, 33Cu

Solder, readily fusible

 

20

795

60Zn, 40Cu

Solder, white

 

21

840

50Zn, 44Cu, 3.3Sn, 1.2Pb

Solder, nearly white

     

45-57Zn, 35-45Cu, 8-10Ni

Solder, brazing

     

69Zn, 26Sn, 5Cu, 3Sb

Zinc babbitt

     

63Zn, 21Sn, 12Pb, 3.2Cu

Battery plates

     

50Zn, 49Sn, 0.7Sb, 0.2Cu

Aluminum solder, Roesch

     

COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ALLOYS -- SUPPLEMENTARY TABLE

Composition

Name

Sp.gr.

Th.exp.coef/degC

M.P.

Aluminum

98.8Al, 1.2Mn

Wrought Aluminum alloy 3S

     

97.75Al, 1.3Mg, 0.25Cr, 0.7Si

Wrought Aluminum alloy 53S

     

98.4Al, 1.0Si, 0.6Mg

Aluminum alloys 51S

     

98.15Al, 1.0Si, 0.6Mg, 0.25Cr

Wrought Aluminum alloy A51S

     

97.25Al, 2.5Mg, 0.25Cr

Wrought Aluminum Alloy

     

97.2Al, 2.5Cu, 0.3Mg

Aluminum 31ioys Al7S

     

96.2Al, 3.8Mg

Sand-easting Aluminum alloys 214

     

96Al, 4.0Cu

Sand-casting Aluminum alloys 195

     

95Al, 4.0Cu, 0.5Mn, 0.5Mg

Wrought Aluminum alloy 17S

     

93.5Al, 4.0Cu, 0.5Mg, 2.0Ni

Wrought Aluminum alloy 18S

     

93.4Al, 4.5Cu, 0.6Mn, 1.5Mg

Wrought Aluminum alloy 24S

     

93.2Al, 1.3Cu, 5.0Si, 0 5MB

Sand-easting Aluminum alloys 355

     

92.7Al, 7.0Si, 0.3Mg

Sand-casting Aluminum alloys 356

     

91.6Al, 1.4Cu, 5.0Si, 0.75Mn, 0.5Mg, 0.75Ni

Wrought Aluminum alloy A355

     

90.0Al, 10Mg

Sand-casting Aluminum alloy 220

     

89.3Al, 7.5Cu, 1.2Fe, 2.0Zn

Sand-easting Aluminum alloy 112

     

87.5Al, 12.5Si, 0.8Ni

Aluminum Alloys, 47

     

85.4Al, 0.8Cu, 12.0Si, 1.0Mg, 0.8Ni

Aluminum Alloys, 32S

     

Chromlum

66-70Cr, 4-6C, 24-30Fe

High earbon ferrochromium

   

1200-1300

67-72Cr, 0.06-2.00C, 32.94-26Fe

Low carbon ferrochromium

   

1255-1350

Copper

97.6Cu, 1.4Sn, 1.0Si

Tin-Silicon Bronze

8.78

17.9e-6

1041

97.0Cu, 3Si

Silieon Bronze

8.55

17.9e-6

1024

90.85Cu, 7.15Al, 2.0Si

Aluminum Silieon Bronze Rod

7.70

17.9e-6

990

67.0Cu, 31.0Zn, 2.0Al

Aluminum Brass Condenser Tubing

8.33

 

970

70.0Cu, 30.0Ni

Cupro Nickel Condenser Tubing

8.94

16.0e-6

1227

62.25Cu, 35.75Zn, 2.0Pb

Leaded Brass Sheet

8.50

 

921

60.75Cu, 35.85Zn, 3.4Pb

Free Turning Brass Rod

8.50

20.4e-6

885

60.0Cu, 39.0Zn, 1.0Sn

Naval Brass

8.42

21.1e-6

888

Iron

98.755-98.355Fe, .90-1.05C, .25-.50Mn, .040P, .055S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 1095

     

98.31-97.61Fe, .25-.35C, .80-1.10Cr, .40 .60Mn, .15-.25Mo, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. X4130

     

98.16-97.46Fe, .35-.45C, .80-1.10Cr, .60 .90Mn, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 5140

     

98.03-97.13Fe, .12-.17C, .40-.60Cr, .70-.90Mn .15-.25Mo, .40-.60Ni, .20-.35Si

Natl. Emergency Steel, NE1350

     

98.01-97.21Fe, .35-.45C, .60-.90Mn, .80-1.10Cr, .15-.25Mo, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 4140

     

97.72-97.22Fe, .48-.53C, 1.60-1.90Mn, .20 .35Si

Natl. Emergency Steel, NE1350

     

97.72-96.97Fe, .28-.33C, .40-.60Cr, 1.20 1.5Mn, .40-.60Si

Natl. Emergency Steel, NE9630

     

97.91-97.21Fe, .45-.55C, .80-1.10Cr, .60 .90Mn, .035P, .040S, 0.15V

Steel, S.A.E. No. 6150

     

97.51-96.31Fe, .35-.45C, .45-.75Cr, .60-.90Mn, 1.00-1.50Ni, .040P, .050S

Stee,. S.A.E. No. 3140

     

97.36-96.16Fe, .35-.45C, .60-.90Cr, .60-.90Mn, 1 .00-1.50Ni, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. X3140

     

97.21-96.36Fe, .35-.45C, .50-.80Mn, .20-.30Mo, 1.65-2.00Ni, .040P .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 4640

     

96.87-96.07Fe, .95-1.10C, .25-.45 Mn, .20-.35Si 1.30-1.60Cr, 0.35Ni, 0.08Mo

Natl. Emergency Steel, NE52100C

     

96.76-95.46Fe, .35-.45C, .60-.90Cr, .50-.80Mn, .20-.30Mo, i.5u-2.00Ni, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. X4340

     

96.57-95.60Fe,.38-.45C, .95-1.0Al, 1.40-1.80Cr, .40-.70 Mn, .30-.45Mo

Nitriding Steels N135, Modified

     

95.71-94.81Fe, .35-.45C, .60-.90Mn, 3.25 3.75Ni, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 2340

     

94.94-93.64Fe, 0.17C, 1.25-1.75Cr, .30-.60Mn, 3.25-3.75Ni, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 3312

     

94.76-93.86Fe, .10-.20C, .30-.60Mn, 4.75-5.25Ni, .040P, .050S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 2515

     

93.85-92.18,Fe, .20-.37C, 1.10-1.40Al, 1.00-1.30Cr, .40-.70Mn .20-.30Mo, 3.25-3.75Ni

Nitriding Steels, N125N

     

81.20-77.00Fe, .50-.;0C, 3.00-4.00Cr, .30Mn, 15.00-18.00W

Steel, S.A.E. No. 71660

     

80.5-65Fe, 4.5-5C, 15-30Mn

Spiegeleisen

   

1065-1225

73.91-68.49Fe,.08C, 17.00-20.00Cr,.20-.70Mn, .75Mo, 8.00-10.00Ni, .030P, .030S

Steel, S.A.E. No. 30905

     

71.11-65.61Fe, 0.08C, 17.5-20Cr, 1.25Mn, 8-10Ni, 2-3Se, .03P, .03S

Enduro 18-8-B

     

67.9Fe, .10C, 17Cr, 3.0Mo, 12Ni

Stainless 316

     

63.55-39.5Fe, 0.2-3.5C, 35-45V

Ferrovanadium

   

1425-1475

56.75-52.75Fe, 0.25C, 24-26Cr, 19-21Ni

Stainless 310

     

Magnesium

98.5Mg, 1.5Mn

Wrought Magnesium Alloys No. AM3S

     

95.8Mg, 3Al, 1Zn, 0.2Mn

Wrought Magnesium Alloys No. AM52S

     

93.7Mg, 2.5Al, 0.3Mn 3.5Cd 93.1Mg, 6.5Al, 0.2Mn 0.2Si

Dowmetal L

     

93.1Mg, 6.5Al, 0.2Mn, 0.2Si

Dowmetal EX

     

91.6Mg, 7Al, 1.2Zn, 0.2Mn

Wrought Magnesium Alloys No. AM-C57S

     

91Mg, 3.5Al, 0.5Mn, 5Sn

Wrought Magnesium Alloys No. AM-C65S

     

90.8Mg, 8.5Al, 0.5Zn, 0.2Mn

Wrought Magnesium Alloys No. AM-C58S

     

90.8Mg, 6Al, 3Zn, 0.2Mn

Casting Magnesium Alloys No. AM265

     

89.8Mg, 10Al, 0.2Mn

Casting Magnesium Alloys No. AM240

     

89.4Mg, 10Al, 0.1Mn, 0.5Si. 89.3Mg, 10Al, 0.2Mn, 0.5Si

Dowmetal K

     

89.3Mg, 10Al, 0.2Mn, 0.5Si

Casting Magnesium Alloys No. AM230

     

88.8Mg, 9Al, 2Zn, 0.2Mn

Casting Magnesium Alloys No. AM260

   

xxx

Manganese

80-85Mn, 0.3-1.0C, 19.7-14Fe

Low Carbon Ferromanganese

     

78-82Mn, 6-8C, 16-10Fe

Standard ferromanganese

   

1255

Molybdenum

55-65Mo, 45-35Fe

Ferromolybdenum

   

1625

Silicon

74-79Si, 26-21Fe

75% Ferrosilicon

   

1175


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