After calculating the amount of metal needed, the tapered ring was formed in a two step process. First it was bent on edge, looking much like a large letter "C". Bent on Edge Then it was bent on the flat to form the tapered ring. Once again, the correct radius was carefully calculated and a form for it was spot welded to a metal sheet. A long heat (Ala. gas forge) was taken and the flat stock was shaped, on edge, to this form. The "C" was then bent on the flat with the Hossfeld bender. By measuring and marking the flat stock at regular intervals and then bending the same amount at each mark, the tapered ring was quickly and smoothly formed. A pair of these rings were mounted to a bracket and the wiring and glass were added later. Mr. Hickman had a few interesting approaches to texturing the metal. In his opinion, the metal needs to be worked prior to forming in order to achieve the appropriate "forged" look. A furniture maker would call this technique "distressing." A simple fixture for the power hammer from two pieces of flat stock welded to a steel plate was used to achieve the desired texture.

Texturing Fixture Another approach would be to forge the stock to dimension from non-dimensional material. For example; forge round stock to the flat or square stock dimensions needed. In production work, however, you want to minimize the total number of man hours invested. Purchasing metal to size and then texturing it under a power hammer is more efficient of time and labor. In many ways Mr. Hickman's demonstration was beyond me. I do not work in this fashion but I could very clearly see that it is a method worth learning and pursuing. A good guesstimate is fine but when you rely on what you can make in a given week for your lively hood you really want to minimize wasted time and materials. In his final statements Mr. Hickman had this to say, "You can take home what I am showing you here and make it your own. Adapt it, change it, make it fit the kind of work of you do. If you don't you are plagiarizing and there is no justification for that."

Copyright 1995 ArtMetalUMBA

Author: Franklyn Garland

HTML Editor: Roger Schmitt

ArtMetal Curator: Enrique Vega

Last Updated:Sun, Jul 30, 1995