Life Force at the Anvil
The Blacksmith's Art from Africa

Agthe, Johanna and StrauB, Karin. Waffen aus Zentral-Afrika. Frankfurt: Museum fr Volkerkunde, 1985.

Arnoldi, Mary Jo; Geary, Christraud M.; and Hardin, Kris L. African Material Culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Arnoldi, Mary Jo; Felix, Marc Leo; and Elsen, Jan. Beauty and the Blade. Kansas City: University of Missouri - Kansas City, 1998.

Attenborough, David. The Tribal Eye. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1976.

Ballarini, Roberto. Black Africa's Traditional Arms. Trans. Pamela Knight. Milano: Africa Curio, S.A.S., 1992.

Barnes, Sandra, ed. Africa's Ogun: Old World and New. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.

Bay, Edna G. Iron Altars of the Fon People of Benin. Atlanta: Emory University, 1986.

Bravmann, Ren A. African Islam. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1983.

Brincard, Marie-Thrse. The Art of Metal in Africa. New York: The African - American Institute, 1982.

Brincard, Marie-Thrse, ed. Sounding Forms: African Musical Instruments. New York: American Federation of Arts, 1989.

Britton, Crystal A. African American Art: The Long Struggle. New York: Smithmark Publishers, 1996.

Bustamante, Ren. Cuerpo Y Espritu De frica. Trans. Robert Valerio. Oaxaca, Mexico: Museo de Arte Contemporneo de Oaxaca, 1998.

Cerny, Charlene, ed., and Seriff, Suzanne, ed. Recycled Re-Seen: Folk Art from the Global Scrap Heap. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.

Clifford, James. The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Cline, Walter. Mining and Metallurgy in Negro Africa. Menasha: George Bauta Publishing Company, 1937.

Cole, Herbert M. Icons: Ideals and Power in the Art of Africa. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1989.

Dew, Charles B. Bond of Iron: Master and Slave at the Buffalo Forge. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1994.

Dewey, William J. and Roberts, Allen F. Iron, Master of Them All. Iowa City: University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1993.

Drewal, Henry John; Pemberton III, John; Abiodun, Rowland. Yoruba: Nine Centuries of African Art and Thought. Ed. Allen Wardwell. New York: Center for African Art, 1989.

Elsen, Jan. Tribal Arms Monographs Vol. 1/No. 1: The Sickle Weapons, Part One. Trans. Deborah Glass. Brussels: Tribal Arts, 1996.

Eyo, Ekpo and Willett, Frank. Treasures of Ancient Nigeria. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1980.

Eyo, Ekpo. Nigeria and the Evolution of Money. Lagos: The Central Bank of Nigeria in association with The Federal Department of Antiquities, 1979.

Ezra, Kate. Royal Art of Benin: The Perls Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992.

Ezra, Kate. Art of the Dogon: Selections from the Lester Wunderman Collection. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998.

Fagg, William, and Pemberton III, John. Yoruba: Sculpture of West Africa. Ed. Bryce Holcombe. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.

Fischer, Werner and Zirngibl, Manfred A. African Weapons: Knives, Daggers, Swords, Axes, Throwing Knives. Trans. David Miller. Passan, Germany: Prinz-Verlag, 1978.

Fry, Jacqueline, ed. Twenty-Five African Sculptures. Ottawa: The National Gallery of Canada, 1978.

Gerbauer, Paul. Art of Cameroon. Portland: Portland Art Museum, 1979.

Gosseau, Christian. Tribal Arms Monographs Vol. 1/No. 2: Execution Knives and Derivatives. Trans. Anita Chaberman. Brussels: Tribal Arts, 1996.

Herbert, Eugenia W. Red Gold of Africa: Copper in Precolonial History and Culture. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.

Herbert, Eugenia W. Iron, Gender, and Power: Rituals of Transformation in African Societies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Hurst, Norman. Ngola: The Weapon as Authority, Identity, and Ritual Object in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cambridge: Hurst Gallery, 1997.

Laude, Jean. African Art of the Dogon: The Myths of the Cliff Dwellers. New York: The Viking Press, 1973.

Mauss, Marcel. The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1967.

McNaughton, Patrick. The Mande Blacksmiths: Knowledge, Power, and Art in West Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.

Meltzer, Milton. Slavery: A World History. New York: Da Capo Press, 1993.

Meyer, Laure. Art and Culture in Africa: Everyday Life, Ritual and Court Art. Paris: Finest S.A./Editions Pierre Terrail, 1995.

Northern, Tamara. The Ornate Implement. Hanover: Dartmouth College Museum and Galleries, 1981.

Opitz, ,Charles J. Odd and Curious Money: Descriptions and Values. Ocala: First Impressions Printing, 1991.

Quiggin, A. Hingston. A Survey of Primitive Money. Ocala: First Impressions Printing, 1992.

Roberts, Mary Nooter and Roberts, Allen F. Memory: Luba Art and the Making of History. New York: The Museum of African Art, 1996.

Rubin, Arnold. Art as Technology: The Arts of Africa, Oceania, Native America, Southern California. Ed. Zena Pearlstone. Beverly Hills: Hillcrest Press, Inc., 1989.

Schaedler, Karl-Ferdinand. Earth and Ore: 2500 Years of African Art in Terra-Cotta and Metal. Trans. Geoffrey P. Burwell. Eurasburg: Edition Minerva Hermann Farnung, 1997.

Schmidt, Peter R. Iron Technology in East Africa: Symbolism, Science, and Archaeology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.

Sieber, Roy and Walker, Roslyn Adele. African Art in the Cycle of Life. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987.

Spring, Christopher. African Arms and Armour. London: The British Museum Press, 1993.

Steiner, Christopher B. African Art in Transit. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Tibbles, Anthony. Transatlantic Slavery: Against Human Dignity. London: National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside, 1994.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Black Gods and Kings. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1976.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York: Random House, Inc., 1984.

Vogel, Susan M. Baule: African Art Western Eyes. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.

Vogel, Susan M., ed. For Spirits and Kings: African Art from the Tishman Collection. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1981.

Vogel, Susan M., ed. ART/artifact. New York: The Center for African Art, 1988.

Zirngibl, Manfred A. Rare African Short Weapons. Trans. David Miller. Passan, Germany: Prinz-Verlag, 1983.

Life Force at the Anvil
The Blacksmith's Art from Africa



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